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Table of Content - Volume 20 Issue 3 - December 2021

A clinical and sociodemographic study of vitiligo


Sudhir Medhekar1*, Kruti Jain2, Amani Joga3, Simran Agrawal4


1Professor & HOD, 2,3,4Junior Resident, Department of Dermatology Venereology and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, INDIA.

Email: sudhir.medhekar@gmail.com


Abstract              Background: Vitiligo is a common acquired illness that causes skin depigmentation in a variety of patterns, ranging from microscopic scalloped macules to large macules depigmentation of the skin on the edges to near-total depigmentation of the skin body.  Methodology: This was a cross sectional study carried out in the department of Skin and VD department at the tertiary care teaching hospital during the one year period i.e. January 2020 to January 2021 in the patients who were diagnosed as Vitiligo were included in the study in the study period there were 69 patients by taking the informed written consent were included into the study. All the Socio –demo-graphic details were included into the study. All the details were entered into the excel sheet and analyzed by excel software for Windows 10. Result: In our study we have found that the majority of the patients were in the age group of 11-20 were 42.03%, followed by In <10 were 21.74%, 21-30 were 13.04%, 31-40 were 10.14%, 31-40 were 5.80%, 41-50 were 2.90%, 51-60 were also 2.90% and >60 were 1.45% The majority of the patients were Female i.e. 75.36 followed by Male i.e. 24.64. The majority of the patients were Unmarried i.e. 75.36%, followed by Married were 21.74%, And Divorced were 2.90 %. The majority of the patients were Secondary and Higher Secondary education i.e. 55.07% followed by Primary were 24.64%, Un-educated were 17.39%, Graduation and above were 2.90%. Mostly the patients were from Urban residence i.e. 60.87% and Rural were 39.13% The majority of the patients were Hindu by religion i.e. 75.36% and Muslims were 24.64. The majority of the patients were having Progressive were 46.38%, Regressive were 36.23%, Stationary were 17.39%. Majority of the patients were having lesions distributed like Vulgaris i.e. 50.72%, Foacal were 20.29%, Segmental were 15.94%, Universal 7.25% Acral 5.80%. Conclusion: To summarise, vitiligo was more common in younger age groups in our research settings, with females of marriageable age accounting for the majority of cases. In our investigation, we found a wide range of clinical abnormalities

Key words: Vitiligo, Alopecia areata, autoimmune thyroiditis, autoimmune thyroiditi, leukoplakia