Home About Us Contact Us

 

Table of Content - Volume 20 Issue 2 - November 2021


 

A study of total number of components and their utilization at blood bank: A three years study

 

Vishal Narote1, Vikas Yedshikar2*

 

1Assistant Professor, 2Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, SVNGMC, Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College, Palaswadi, Waghapur  Yavatmal, INDIA.

Email: vikasyedshikar@gmail.com

 

Abstract              Background: The goal of blood transfusion services is to provide safe, uninterrupted, and timely blood and blood components so that this valuable medicine is not wasted. Aims and Objectives: study of total number of components and their utilization at Blood bank. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in the three year duration i.e. 2018 to 2020 at the Blood bank of attached to SVNGMC, Yavatmal, Maharashtra. Total Component in Separation and Total component issue such as PRC, FFP, PC were noted entered to excel sheet for the record purpose. The data was analyzed by Excel software for the windows 10. Result: In our study we have seen that In 2018 Total Component Separation PRC were 2314, FFP were 2314, PC were 725 where as Total component issue for PRC were 2314, FFP were 1054, PC were 590 . In 2019 Total Component Separation PRC were 2847, FFP were 2847, PC were 869 where as Total component issue for PRC were 2721, FFP were 1270, PC were 468 .In 2020 Total Component Separation PRC were 2353, FFP were 2353, PC were 738 where as Total component issue for PRC were 2340, FFP were 1248, PC were 314 Conclusion: In order to examine the blood utilization pattern in any institution, a periodic assessment and audit of blood component with respect to component in separation and component issued etc. usage is required.

Key words: PRC, FFP, PC.

 

INTRODUCTION

The goal of blood transfusion services is to provide safe, uninterrupted, and timely blood and blood components so that this valuable medicine is not wasted.1 Blood and its components have the potential to produce immunomodulation in the receiver, thus it must be transfused with caution.2 Because there is no substitute for this important medicine, blood transfusions remain the mainstay of treatment in a variety of clinical diseases.3 In order to examine the blood utilization pattern in any institution, a periodic review of blood component usage is required.4 Nowadays, good clinical practice guidelines ensure that transfusion therapy is only given for well-established purposes, and that blood components rather than entire blood should be used.5 With this background we have done study of total number of components and their utilization at Blood bank.

 

METHODOLOGY

This was a cross-sectional study carried out in the three-year duration i.e. 2018 to 2020 at the Blood bank of attached to SVNGMC, Yavatmal, Maharashtra. All the blood bags were collected with standard protocol from apparently health donors during the study period. All the blood bags were screened for the diseases like HIV, HBsAg, HCV, Malaria and VDRL as per the standard protocols of Blood donations those blood bags tested for any of the above disease were identified and such bags were discarded, Total Component in Separation and Total component issue such as PRC, FFP, PC were noted entered to excel sheet for the record purpose. The data was analyzed by Excel software for the windows 10

 

RESULT

Table 1: Total no of component and Utilization in 2018

Total Component Separation

Total component issue (2018)

1

PRC

2314

1

PRC

2314

2

FFP

2314

2

FFP

1054

3

PC

725

3

PC

590

 In 2018 Total Component Separation PRC were 2314, FFP were 2314, PC were 725 where as Total component issue for PRC were 2314, FFP were 1054, PC were 590

 

Table 2: Total no of component and Utilization in 2019

Total Component Separation

Total component issue (2019)

1

PRC

2847

1

PRC

2721

2

FFP

2847

2

FFP

1270

3

PC

869

3

PC

468

 In 2019 Total Component Separation PRC were 2847, FFP were 2847, PC were 869 where as Total component issue for PRC were 2721, FFP were 1270, PC were 468

 

Table 3: Total no of component and Utilization in 2020

Total Component Separation

Total component issue (2020)

1

PRC

2353

1

PRC

2340

2

FFP

2353

2

FFP

1248

3

PC

738

3

PC

314

 In 2020 Total Component Separation PRC were 2353, FFP were 2353, PC were 738 where as Total component issue for PRC were 2340, FFP were 1248, PC were 314

 

DISCUSSION

Because blood and its components are so important to human life, blood transfusion can be a life-saving procedure. Defective donor recruitment, inadequate stock management, and transportation are only a few of the causes that contribute to blood shortages. In many nations, the demand for blood outnumbers the supply. According to World Health Organization (WHO) figures, 87.5 percent of developing nations gather less than half of the blood required to meet their populations' transfusion needs [6]. Most of the limited blood supplies are needed for problems of pregnancy and childbirth, trauma, and severe anaemia in children, according to studies in underdeveloped countries [7–9]. Many factors contribute to blood product waste, including damaged bags, broken seals, expired units, units returned beyond 30 minutes, clotted blood, and other variables, the most important of which is a lack of basic information and awareness. If RBC units have been out of controlled temperature storage for more than 30 minutes, according to the "30-minute rule" and UK blood transfusion requirements, they should not be put back into storage for reissue.10 This restriction is justified by the fact that once RBC units are removed from controlled temperature storage, the component warms up, increasing the danger of bacterial proliferation over time.11,12 In our study we have seen that In 2018 Total Component Separation PRC were 2314, FFP were 2314, PC were 725 where as Total component issue for PRC were 2314, FFP were 1054, PC were 590 In 2019 Total Component Separation PRC were 2847, FFP were 2847, PC were 869 where as Total component issue for PRC were 2721, FFP were 1270, PC were 468 In 2020 Total Component Separation PRC were 2353, FFP were 2353, PC were 738 where as Total component issue for PRC were 2340, FFP were 1248, PC were 314 Where as Anjali Handa 13 et al. found There were total of 90237 transfusions which were carried out during the study period of 12 months. During the study period, 366 stored whole blood units, 55300 Packed RBC units, 19111 FFP units, 14298 Random Donor Platelet units, 1119 single donor platelets and 43 cryoprecipitate units were issued for use in patients admitted to our hospital.

 

CONCLUSION

In order to examine the blood utilization pattern in any institution, a periodic assessment and audit of blood component with respect to component in separation and component issued etc. usage is required.

 

REFERENCES

  1. Ramani KV, Mavalankar DV, Govil D. Study of blood-transfusion services in Maharashtra and Gujarat States, India. J Health Popul Nutr. 2009;27(2):259-70.
  2. Garraud O, Cognasse F, Tissot JD. Improving platelet transfusion safety: biomedical and technical considerations. Blood Transfus. 2016;14(2):109-22.
  3. Giriyan SS, Chethana HD, Sindhushree N, Agarwal A, Nirala NK, et al. Study of utilization of blood and blood components in a tertiary care hospital. J Blood Lymph. 2017;7:169.
  4. Hulwan AB, Kanetkar SR, Jagtap SV, Kale PP. Pattern of utilization of blood and blood components in a teaching hospital. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ. 2019;14:61-6.
  5. Basu D, Kulkarni R. Overview of blood components and their preparation. Indian J Anaesth. 2014; 58:529-37.
  6. Ramani KV, Mavalankar DV, Govil D. Study of blood-transfusion services in Maharashtra and Gujarat States, India. J Health Popul Nutr. 2009;27(2):259-70.
  7. Garraud O, Cognasse F, Tissot JD. Improving platelet transfusion safety: biomedical and technical considerations. Blood Transfus. 2016;14(2):109-22.
  8. Giriyan SS, Chethana HD, Sindhushree N, Agarwal A, Nirala NK, et al. Study of utilization of blood and blood components in a tertiary care hospital. J Blood Lymph. 2017;7:169.
  9. Hulwan AB, Kanetkar SR, Jagtap SV, Kale PP. Pattern of utilization of blood and blood components in a teaching hospital. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ. 2019;14:61-6.
  10. Basu D, Kulkarni R. Overview of blood components and their preparation. Indian J Anaesth. 2014;58:529-37.
  11. Garg R, Aggrawal R, Falleiro JJ, Lakhani D, Garg S, Jasani J. An audit of the blood and component transfusion requests and utilization pattern in a tertiary care hospital, current trends. IJDDMR. 2013;1:82-5.
  12. Qureshi MZ, Sawhney V, Bashir H, Sidhu M, Maroof P. Utilisation of blood components in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Cur Res Rev. 2015;7:1-7.
  13. Handa A et al. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2020 Nov;7(11):4526-4529



 











































 








 




 








 

 









Policy for Articles with Open Access
Authors who publish with MedPulse International Journal of Anesthesiology (Print ISSN:2579-0900) (Online ISSN: 2636-4654) agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post links to their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.